Activists and Advocates: Toronto’s Health Department, by Heather MacDougall

By Heather MacDougall

For greater than a century, Toronto’s healthiness division has served as a version of evolving municipal public wellbeing and fitness prone in Canada and past. From horse manure to hippies and small pox to AIDS, the Department’s employees have proven and maintained criteria of environmental cleanliness and communicable illness keep an eye on tactics that experience made town a fit position to live.

This centennial historical past anlyzes the complicated interplay of politics, patronage aspirations which confirm the luck or failure of particular guidelines and courses. As such, it fills an extended missed hole in our realizing of the advance of neighborhood healthiness services.

Using Toronto’s altering conditions as a backdrop, the publication information the evolution of the foreign public wellbeing and fitness move via its a variety of stages culminating within the sleek emphasis on health and wellbeing promoting and future health advocacy. by means of so doing, it demonstrates the numerous contribution of preventive medication and public overall healthiness actions to Canadian existence.

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While expressing sympathy for Jackson's problems in exorcising his predecessor's ghost, the Phair Committee challenged the Department to adopt more recent management practices, and to reorganize its administrative structure. In particular, the committee recommended that the medical officer and his deputy realign their duties. They suggested that: The responsibility of the Medical Officer of Health should be largely concerned with over-all supervision, formation of policy in collaboration with the Local Board, co-ordination of effort on the part of the Department with other official and non-official agencies concerned with community health.

He has sublet the contract for plumbing to James Brown, a master plumber who holds a licence from the municipality. The dwelling is to have the following fixtures: Three-piece bath on the second floor, sink in the kitchen and fixed laundry tubs in the basement. (6) Illustrate by a sketch the essential parts of such an installation to the point where the connection is made to the sewer on Blank Street. (b) Describe the procedure needed to obtain the approval of the municipal authorities for this installation.

3. You have been appointed sanitary inspector of a town of 5,000 population. What information would you attempt to obtain by means of a sanitary survey and how would you proceed to conduct such a survey? Indicate the form of your report to the medical officer of health, giving suitable headings for the presentation of the findings. 4. (a) Describe the construction and principle of operation of a septic-tank installation for a rural home. Illustrate your answer by a sketch. (b) Describe the construction and maintenance of one type of outdoor privy.

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