Aids to Radiological Differential Diagnosis by Stephen Chapman, Richard Nakielny

By Stephen Chapman, Richard Nakielny

This renowned source assists readers in honing their wisdom of radiological differential analysis for the main in general encountered stipulations in all parts of the physique. the 1st part provides lists of differential diagnoses, supplemented via notes on helpful evidence and discriminating elements. the second one part bargains exact descriptions at the attribute radiological visual appeal of greater than 80 person ailments. the result's a handy research software for examination training, in addition to a worthy fast reference for medical practice.Features a totally redesigned format, making details much more accessible.Includes up-to-date content material throughout-including the complete diversity of more moderen imaging modalities.Offers totally revised content material that displays the newest in scientific practiceWith six extra contributing specialists.

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Osteomalacia* — NORMAL QUANTITY OF BONE BUT IT HAS AN EXCESS OF UNCALCIFIED OSTEOID. Hyperparathyroidism* — INCREASED BONE RESORPTION BY OSTEOCLASTS. 4. Diffuse infiltrative bone disease — LEUKAEMIA. G. MULTIPLE MYELOMA AND Further Reading M a y o - S m i t h W. I. (1991) R a d i o g r a p h i c a p p e a r a n c e of o s t e o p e n i a . Radiol. Clin. , 29(1): 37-47. 32 OSTEOPOROSIS 1. DECREASED BONE DENSITY. 2. CORTICAL THINNING WITH A RELATIVE INCREASE IN DENSITY OF THE CORTEX AND VERTEBRAL END-PLATES.

VASCULAR 1. Bone infarct. TRAUMATIC 1. Callus — especially a transverse density around a healing stress fracture. INFECTIVE 1. Sclerosing osteomyelitis of Garre. IDIOPATHIC 1. Paget's disease*. 1 4 AIDS TO RADIOLOGICAL DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS 1 . 1 3 MULTIPLE SCLEROTIC B O N E L E S I O N S DEVELOPMENTAL 1. * 2. Osteopoikilosis — asymptomatic. 1- 10 mm, round or oval densities in the appendicular skeleton and pelvis. Ribs, skull and spine are usually exempt. Tend to be parallel to the long axis of the affected bones and are especially numerous near the ends of bones.

Soft-tissue mass. Cyst-like defects with sharp sclerotic margins. May progress to joint destruction. OTHERS 1. Post-traumatic — particularly in the carpal bones. Well-defined. 2. Osteonecrosis — with bone sclerosis, collapse and fragmentation. Preservation of joint space. 3. Tuberculosis — wholly epiphyseal or partly metaphyseal. Welldefined or ill-defined. No surrounding sclerosis. G. & Bansal M. ( 1 9 8 8 ) The d i f f e r e n t i a l d i a g n o s i s of g e o d e s . Radiol. Clin. , 2 6 : 1165-84.

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