By Henry N. Houérou
Protecting a space of over a hundred thirty million km2 spanning the Mediterranean, equator and tropics, the African continent encompasses a astonishing geographic range. hence, it truly is characterized by means of tremendous variable climatic, edaphic and ecological stipulations, linked to quite a lot of common plants and flora and fauna, in addition to human inhabitants density, vegetation and cattle. during this publication, Henry Le Hou?rou provides his bioclimatic and biogeographic category of Africa. The vast information give you the foundation for comparisons among a number of African areas, and with areas on different continents resembling Latin the United States or the Indian subcontinent. the implications represent a rational foundation for nationwide, local and sub-regional rural improvement making plans, and for agricultural examine facing points akin to plant and animal introductions, the extrapolation or interpolation of experimental or developmental findings, and ecosystems dynamics. attainable difficulties of purposes also are tested.
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Additional resources for Bioclimatology and Biogeography of Africa
The labels “1” and “2” in Table A1 thus do not necessarily correspond with monomodal and bimodal regimes. My meaning of monomodal and bimodal is therefore identical to that of other authors such as Nicholson et al. (1988) and De Martonne (1926, 1927a, b). It should also be emphasised that tropical (monomodal) patterns are usually associated with contrasting thermal regimes, whereas equatorial (bimodal) patterns are associated with homogeneous thermal regimes (seasonal amplitude ≈ 5°C) with yearlong high temperatures, as shown in Figs.
29°07′S P = 552 mm 2t = 384 mm Long. 35 ETo = 481 mm Elev. 2 °C ETo = 1,374 mm h Cape Town (South Africa) Semi-arid agro-bioclimate with mild/warm winters Lat. 33°54′S P = 506 mm 2t = 398 mm Long. 35 ETo = 428 mm Elev.
Excelsa) N Lannea microcarpa N Khaya senegalensis N Maytenus senegalensis E Leucaena leucocephala N Parinari curatellifolia Mangifera indica N Parinari excelsa E N Mitragyna inennis N Parinari macrophylla N Parkia biglobosa N Peltophornm frugineum E/N Poinciana reggia (=Delonix reggia) E Pithecellobium dulcis N Prosopis africana E Pithecellobium saman N Sclerocarya birrea N Pterocarpus erinaceus N Stereospermum kunthianum N Sterculia setigera N Tenninalia avicennoides N Strychnos spinosa N Tenninalia brownii N Tenninalia sericea C.