Boko Haram: The Socio-Economic Drivers by Ojochenemi J. David, Lucky E. Asuelime, Hakeem Onapajo

By Ojochenemi J. David, Lucky E. Asuelime, Hakeem Onapajo

This ebook investigates the socio-economic determinants of the emergence and patience of Boko Haram terrorism in Nigeria. given that 2009, Boko Haram maintains to trap mainstream information headlines, in addition to the mind's eye of aspiring younger Salafi-jihadists all over the world who help the concept of an intensive Islamist socio-political approach. by way of delivering an important evaluate of the literature on Boko Haram and bridging study and present occasions, the authors conceal a extensive spectrum of issues and recommend proper rules for addressing the matter of Boko Haram terrorism. WhileBoko Haram’s motivations are ostensibly non secular, the first concentration is on socio-economic inequality as one of many major components that predispose the disappointed, poverty-driven and jobless population within the northern areas of Nigeria to soak up hands opposed to the nation. The insights provided during this ebook may also help researchers and policy-makers alike to appreciate the emergence of in the community targeted terrorist teams and insurgencies.

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The terrorist believes himself to be working towards enthroning the good force in society, believed to be dominated by forces of the evil in secularism. The “us” verses “them” dichotomy strongly propels the terrorists to believe that “perpetrating acts of terrorism is one of several ways to symbolically express power over oppressive forces and regain some nobility in the perpetrator’s personal life”. With such premonitions, the dastardly acts of destroying the perceived “oppressive force” are not only seen as noble but necessary towards the promotion of the good force (Schmid 2004b, p.

Accordingly, as Ozsoy aptly maintains, “it is unreasonable to expect to solve the problem or terrors through military and political precautions because military sanctions will be retaliated against with more severe violence and triggers a vicious cycle” (Ozsoy 2007, p. 56). Meanwhile, as noted earlier there is hardly a single cause for terrorism; but considering the focus of this study, what follows are the scholarly debates on the link between social-economic factors and terrorism in light of the root cause analysis.

46–61) identified four waves of modern terrorism in a linear form, namely the Anarchist wave, the Anti-colonial wave, New Left Wave, and Religious wave. He dubbed the “first wave” as the anarchist wave and ties its motivation to the failure of democratic reform agendas across Europe during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He argues that anarchists attempted the abolishment of the government. Its fundamental tactics were more of individual terrorism and were primarily characterized by the assassination of key government officials as redolent of the assassination of Alexander II in 1881 in Russia.

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